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Roof Shingles Types – A Guide

Roof shingles are roof coverings that are laid out overlapping one another. They are usually flat and rectangular in shape and are laid out in rows, covering the entire area of the roof. In the past, the edges of the roof had a cap consisting of copper or lead sheeting. However, they have now been replaced by shingles with a plastic underlay.

Roof shingles types are based on the materials used to make them. Shingles are made from various materials such as wood, slate, ceramic, asbestos-cement, composite and bitumen-soaked paper covered with aggregate, i.e. asphalt shingle.

Fiberglass-based asphalt shingles are more popular than wood and paper-based shingles owing to increased risk of fire hazard. While purchasing shingles, keep in mind the warranty period and its fire resistance rating.

Asphalt Shingles

This three-tab shingle is quite popular due to its affordability. Another advantage with asphalt shingles is that they are available in an extensive assortment of colours.

Wood Shingles

Also known as cedar shingles, they are widely preferred as they are smooth and uniform and give an aesthetic appearance. Wood shingles are usually made from cedar or pressure-treated southern yellow pine. The materials and installation costs of wood shingles are higher than asphalt, but they last longer when maintained well.

Metal Shingles

If installed properly, metal shingles tend to last very long. The other advantages include fire and mildew resistance, and also protection against pests and rot. On the downside, they amplify the sound of rain or hail on the roof, making the noise quite intolerable at times.

In addition, metal shingles are more expensive than conventional materials like wood and asphalt. Some kinds of metal shingles use solar reflectance technology, consequently keeping your home cooler.

Slate Shingles

Slate shingles are the most elegant and urbane among roofing materials. These shingles comes in a broad assortment of colours, textures and quality. They can last really long as far as they are installed properly and maintained well.

Most roofs cannot handle the heavy weight of slate, so before selecting it, find out if your home can support it. Slate shingles are the most expensive type of shingles due to pricey materials and the need for skilled installation.

Architectural Shingles

Architectural shingles use the same material as standard asphalt shingles. However, they are thicker and resemble slate or wood shingles, and hence give a refined look to your roof. They are more expensive than standard shingles but are easier to install.

When you select your roofing, make sure you keep your budget and needs in the forefront. If you live in a damp region, algae can accumulate on the roof. Pick shingles treated with copper or zinc particles to ward off this problem.

A roof is a long-standing investment. You will have to gather experts’ advice and choose the right type of shingle for your home. The ideal roof shingles type is one that both shelters and spruces up your home for a good number of years.

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