Blog – Expert Roofing Advice & Tips

Home Roof Installation – What are the Components Used?

There are a lot of things you should understand when it comes to home roof installation. If you are going to install the roof yourself, you need to understand the proper terminology of the various components available in the market. Likewise, if you are getting roof installation done by professionals, you still need to be familiar with the process in order to supervise them.

The basic function of your roof is to protect you from natural elements like rain, snow or gale. So, the efficiency of your roof will depend on how resistant it is against these factors.

Components used in home roof installation

The blackish paper that is laid over the ply sheathing is called the underlayment. A membranous layer (waterproof sweat sheet or vapor barriers) is used in addition to the underlayment, which protects your roof from rain and ice.

Flashing refers to the use of metal pieces to collect water from susceptible areas on your roof (hips, alleys). Four kinds of flashing are available, galvanized alloys, copper coated flashing, stainless steel flashing and pure alloys. All four have similar levels of efficiency so you can go whichever option is readily available.

Tiles or shingles are the outermost part of any roof. They sit on top of the underlayment. The newer alternatives to shingles in the home roof installation market are metallic and wood shingles or concrete tiles.

Trim refers to a layer that protects the roof at the hips and seams.

7 designing elements of your roof

There are seven special elements that you should know about when considering a home roof installation project.

Ridge of the roof refers to the highest peak of your roof.

Pitch is the angle of the slope or its steepness.

Hip is the highest meeting point of two roof sections.

Gables are triangle shaped structures at the ends of a house, which generally extend from the eaves to the peak of the roof

When two areas of the roof run downwards and meet, the resulting ridge is called the valley.

The overhanging parts of the roof that surround the entire house are the eaves.

Dormers are the parts of the house which extend from the roof. Their basic function is to ensure lighting sources inside attics.

Checklist for roof installation

If you use pre cut versions of starter strip shingles, it will hold the earlier layer in place and eliminate the risks of blow off. In addition, you will save a lot of time and effort. Self adhering roof membranes are more dependable and will also increase your roof’s resistance against natural damaging elements.

Roof deck protection systems are a part of integrated roofing solutions which help to protect your roof against strong wind laden rains or gales.

Leak barriers are commercial formulations used to seal off all vulnerable areas of the roof. Attic exhaust ventilation systems are also a part of roofing solutions which allow excess heat and air flow from your attic to safely diffuse out.

Aesthetic accessories like roof top paints and roof cap shingles add to the beauty of your house. The best way to handle a home roof installation project is to contact a roofing solutions provider who will have a team of experienced workmen to handle the project.


Please note: Chouinard Bros. does not recommend any homeowner complete repairs to their roof of their own. Our technicians are skilled at performing this work and have received years of training to understand how to complete repairs safely.

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